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路易·艾黎第二故乡

路易·艾黎,是新西兰著名社会活动家、伟大的国际主义战士、中国人民的老朋友。他在中国工作和生活了长达60年之久,在中国革命和国家建设时期,为中国人民民族独立和国家建设事业无私奉献,做出了突出贡献,受到了人民的尊敬和爱戴,得到了党和国家领导人的高度评价。1927年,来到中国,积极兴办“工合”事业,传播科技文化,培育工农人才。1942年,路易·艾黎同乔治·何克在陕西双石铺创办了培黎工艺学校即甘肃省山丹培黎学校。1944年,在周恩来同志的支持下搬迁到山丹县,首次实行“半工半读、理论结合实际”的教学模式,招收山丹及周边地区贫寒子弟学习实用技术,学生最多时达到600多人,深受当地群众欢迎。
1987年12月27日,路易·艾黎在北京逝世,根据艾老的遗愿,将他的骨灰撒在了四坝滩,部分骨灰与他的好友乔治·何克安葬在一起,1988年4月,路易·艾黎骨灰安放园内,陵园正式更名为艾黎与何克陵园。陵园外墙镶嵌有邓小平题写的“伟大的国际主义战士永垂不朽!”题词,陵园名称“艾黎与何克陵园”,由原全国人大常委会副委员长、著名书法家楚图南题写。
1998年,习仲勋为培黎学校亲笔题词“发扬艾黎艰苦奋斗精神”。 路易·艾黎在山丹工作生活的十年里,他和山丹人民结下了深厚的友谊,称“山丹是他的第二故乡”,并将自己毕生收藏的4000多件文物无偿捐赠给山丹,并促成建设了艾黎捐赠文物陈列馆和山丹培黎图书馆。他先后获得英国女王社会服务勋章、新西兰维多利亚大学文学名誉博士、北京市“荣誉市民”、甘肃省“荣誉公民”等荣誉,2009年被中国人民对外友好协会评为20世纪“十大国际友人”。
New Zealander Rewi Alley (2 December 1897 – 27 December 1987) was a famous social activist, great internationalist fighter, and an old friend of the Chinese people. He is a recipient of a Military Medal for his bravery in World War One and the Queen Services Medal for his work in both New Zealand and China. His work and spirit has continued long after his death.
Alley lived and worked in China for 60 years, most importantly during the period of revolution and national construction in China. His work portrayed his selfless dedication for national independence and his outstanding contributions are well respected by the people, party, and state leaders alike.
In 1927, Alley travelled to China, and actively participated in what is known as the Industrial Cooperative Movement and spread science and technology to cultivate the talents of workers and farmers. In 1942, Rewi Alley with George Hogg founded Bailie Technology School in Shuangshipu of the Shaanxi Province. This paved the way for Shandan Bailie School, which later relocated to the Gansu Province in 1944, with the support of comrade Zhou Enlai. Teaching was based on theory “half work meets half study”, where a lot of technical skills was highly sought in the country around that period. Poor and under privileged children flooded the gates and the school roll reached up to 600 pupils.
Sadly, Rewi Alley passed away on 27 December 1987 in Beijing. As a part of his will, half of Alley’s ashes were scattered in the Siba Desert. The other half of his ashes were buried with his friend George Hogg in the cemetery that later officially changed its name to the Rewi Alley and George Hogg Cemetery in April 1988. The inscription on the cemetery reads “long live the great internationalist fighter” and was dedicated by Deng Xiaoping. The name of the cemetery was designed by the famous calligrapher Chu Tunan and reflects the true honor that was bestowed by the people of Shandan.
In 1998, the school’s honorary principal Mr Xi Zhongxun dedicated the motto "Promote Rewi Alley, the arduous spirit of hard working and plain living" to Shandan Bailie School.
Alley lived and worked in Shandan for ten years where he and Shandan people formed a deep friendship – he often called Shandan his second home. His life and his collection of more than 4000 relics was donated to Shandan and he contributed to the construction of the Cultural Relics Exhibition Hall and the Shandan Bailie Library. These prized artifacts are still on display today.
On top of his success as a humanitarian, Alley is also the recipient of an Honorary Doctorate of Literature from Victoria University of Wellington, is an honorary citizen in both Beijing and the Gansu Province, and recently in 2009 he was named one of China’s Top Ten International friends by the Chinese People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries.